Excommunication can be either latae sententiae (automatic, incurred at the moment of committing the offense for which canon law imposes that penalty) or ferendae sententiae (incurred only when imposed by a legitimate superior or declared as the sentence of an ecclesiastical court). 1445 CCEO; used to result ipso facto in a vitandus excommunication until 1983, can. To give you these answers it took us two full days of research in the Codes of 1983 and 1917. 1314] and … Latae sententiae (automatically, none for Eastern Catholics) uses physical force against the Pope (reserved to the Apostolic See, for Eastern Catholics even to the Pope in person; can. Current law. Penalties in the Code of Canon Law. From the earliest days of the Christian society it was the chief (if not the only) ecclesiastical penalty for laymen ; for guilty clerics the first punishment was deposition from their office, i.e. Excommunication is the most severe form of ecclesiastical penalty and is used only as an absolute last resort. 1398: A person who procures a completed abortion incurs a latae sententiae excommunication. Latae sententiae is a Latin phrase, meaning sentence (already) passed, used in the canon law of the Catholic Church. Unlike some offenses that require the competent authority to impose the penalty of excommunication (technically termed ferendae sententiae), the penalty here is automatic (technically termed latae sententia). Canon 1398 states: “A person who procures an abortion that becomes effective, effectu secuto, incurs automatic, latae sententiae, excommunication.” The key word is “procures,” procurat . These can only be committed by a priest or bishop, so you can't use them. Excommunication is a form of ecclesiastical discipline practiced by many religions wherein an active member of the religion is kicked out of the religion. At the moment we do not have further spare time. Excommunication is the ecclesiastical sanction imposed by the Church on abortionists: "A person who actually procures an abortion incurs a Latae sententiae excommunication" (canon 1398, Code of … You correctly reference Canon 1398 (“A person who procures a completed abortion incurs a latae sententiae excommunication.”), but we should also note Canon 1329, which would include the accomplices to the abortion. This list of secret or public crimes that incur latae sententiae excommunication is for your perusal. The act of excommunicating. 3. reduction to the ranks of the laity. The phrase “latae sententiae” means a judgment or sentence which is 'wide' (latae) or widely applied; it refers to a type of excommunication which is automatic. reads as follows: "A person who throws away the consecrated species or who takes them or retains them for a sacrilegious purpose incurs an automatic (latae sententiae) excommunication reserved to the Apostolic See; if a cleric, he can be punished with another penalty including dismissal from the clerical state." For example, you can go to Mass but not receive the Holy Eucharist. An automatic excommunication occurs when a Catholic takes part in certain actions that are considered so gravely immoral or contrary to the truth of the Catholic Faith that the very action itself shows that he has cut himself off from full communion with … A person who successfully procures an abortion receives this penalty automatically (Code of Canon Law, #1398). 1370 CIC, can. §2. In the first type, a penalty does not bind until after it has been imposed on the guilty party. Canon 1356 addresses laws issued not by the Apostolic See but by other Church authorities: The censures that the Code of Canon Law envisages are excommunication, interdict, and suspension. 2. People not infrequently excommunicate themselves via a latae sententiae (automatic) excommunication. In these cases, the law itself passes the sentence of guilt. If the excommunication was automatic (i.e., latae sententiae) and not declared, then any bishop can lift the penalty within the sacrament of confession. Pontificalis … Q: There are certain enumerated acts which trigger automatic, latae sententiae excommunication. The text of Canon 1367 of the C.I.C. excommunication - the act of banishing a member of a church from the communion of believers and the privileges of the church; cutting a person off from a religious society. excision. A formal ecclesiastical censure that deprives a … In more public cases, that is announced by a bishop. law. History of Excommunication While excommunication ranks first among ecclesiastical censures, it existed long before any such classification arose. The Church attaches the canonical penalty of excommunication to this crime against human life. The following incur a latae sententiae penalty of interdict or, if a cleric, a latae sententiae penalty of suspension: 1/ a person who attempts the liturgical action of the Eucharistic sacrifice though … Part of a series on the: Jurisprudence of Catholic canon law. 1398] "by the very commission of the offense," [CIC, can. 2343 CIC/1917), EXCOMMUNICATION, eccl. Excommunicants remain Catholic because of baptism and still obligated to attend Mass, but they are deprived of all sacraments (except for the Sacrament of Penance). Some of these acts could conceivably be performed by a Pope; for instance, it seems a Pope could help procure an abortion. "A person who procures a completed abortion incurs excommunication latae sententiae," [CIC, can. Excommunication is defined as: ... Two basic forms of excommunication are legislated by the Code of Canon Law, namely inflicted penalties (ferendae sententiae) and automatic penalties (latae sententiae). The KCA again gives a very low grading of 1.34 for the automatic excommunication (latae sententiae) of a woman undergoing an abortion, regardless of the circumstances! banishment, proscription - rejection by means of an act of banishing or proscribing someone. Define Latae sententiae. In a letter of 15 December 2008 addressed to Cardinal Dario Castrillon Hoyos, President of the Pontifical Commission "Ecclesia Dei", Mons.Bernard Fellay writing also in the name of the other three Bishops consecrated on 30 June 1988 requested once again the … DECREE REMITTING THE EXCOMMUNICATION "LATAE SENTENTIAE" OF THE BISHOPS OF THE SOCIETY OF ST PIUS X . Latae sententiae. Excommunication can be a frightening word. Such a sentence of excommunication is incurred “by the very commission of the offense,” (CCC 2272) and does not require the future particular judgment of a case by competent authority. 1370: A person who uses physical force against the Roman Pontiff incurs a latae sententiae excommunication reserved to the Apostolic See; From a reader… QUAERITUR: Since latae sententiae excommunication is not incurred without committing a mortal sin, and acting against one’s conscience regarding something one thinks might be mortally sinful is itself a mortal sin, is excommunication incurred if one thinks … An ecclesiastical sentence, pronounced by a spiritual judge against a Christian man, by which he is excluded from the body of the church, and disabled to bring any action, or sue any person in the common law courts. 2272 Formal cooperation in an abortion constitutes a grave offense.The Church attaches the canonical penalty of excommunication to this crime against human life. [1] If the excommunication is latae sententiae and “occult” (not known to the general public), then yes. Note that latae sententiae is an adjectival phrase accompanying a noun, such as "excommunication".In connection with a verb, the corresponding adverbial phrase is in ablative absolute form, as in: "He was excommunicated lata sententia.". Canon 97.1 sets the age of majority at 18 years, so two 17-year-old girls would be considered minors, and could not have incurred a latae sententiae excommunication. Penalties in the Code of Canon Law. The censures that the Code of Canon Law envisages are excommunication, interdict, and suspension. Excommunication latae sententiae is the canonical punishment for offenses such as heresy, violation of the seal of confession, or procuring an abortion. On the basis of the powers expressly granted to me by the Holy Father Benedict XVI, by virtue of the present Decree I remit the penalty of excommunication latae sententiae incurred by Bishops Bernard Fellay, Bernard Tissier de Mallerais, Richard Williamson and Alfonso de Galarreta, and declared by this Congregation on July 1988. I’m not familiar with Ms. Barnhardt, but a cleric publicly teaching and praying/saying things at Mass seems more likely to incur a public announcement than a member of the laity expressing an erroneous position. 3. Grammatical note. n. 1. If the competent authority felt in those specific circumstances a just penalty would be excommunication, he could then issue the decree. Afterward, the leaders of the group will deny the excommunicant the right to partake of the religion's sacraments (i.e., communion, marriage and confession). the pulse of the Church Following the priest's refusal to recant for reasons of conscience, the congregation said he had incurred a latae sententiae , or automatic, excommunication. This one is called latae sententiae or “automatic” excommunication. CONGREGATION FOR BISHOPS. Note that latae sententiae is an adjectival phrase accompanying a noun, such as "excommunication".In connection with a verb, the corresponding adverbial phrase is in ablative absolute form, as in: "He was excommunicated lata sententia.". This type is also known in English as an "automatic" excommunication. A latae sententiae penalty is one that follows ipso facto or automatically, by force of the law itself, when a law is contravened. 1983 Code of Canon Law. This is usually done for doctrinal disobedience. 977 incurs a latae sententiae excommunication reserved to the Apostolic See. This is what canon law calls a latae sententiae excommunication. The state of being excommunicated. Latae sententiae es un término latino utilizado en el Código de Derecho Canónico de la Iglesia católica, que literalmente quiere decir "pena (ya) impuesta".. Oficialmente, una pena de latae sententiae sigue automáticamente, por fuerza de ley en sí misma, cuando una ley es contravenida, sin necesidad de declaración por una autoridad eclesiástica. Is it, then, theoretically possible for a Pope to be excommunicated? Omnium in mentem; Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches; Ad tuendam fidem; Ex Corde Ecclesiae; Indulgentiarum Doctrina; Pastor Bonus. Grammatical note. The more common type of excommunication is called latae sententiae. The other way it can be imposed by canon law itself when certain actions take place. 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