Pietists who separated from established Lutheran churches to form their own denominations are known as Radical Pietists. . Total so far: 1001 pages. , Quakers, or Friends, are members of various movements united by their belief in the ability of each human being to experientially access the light within, or "that of God in every person". Its theology is regulated and controlled by the state. As of 2015[update], the Latin Church comprised 1.255 billion members. For example, the Catholic Church considers itself the one true church and the Holy See as pre-denominational. , The majority of contemporary Protestants are members of Adventism, Anglicanism, the Baptist churches, Calvinism (Reformed Protestantism), Lutheranism, Methodism and Pentecostalism. The original denomination in England which broke off from the Roman Catholic Church following the controversy arising from the annulment of, Its creation was largely state-supported in order to organize all Protestants of the Democratic Republic of Congo in a single denomination. In Protestantism, Anglicans numbered over 85 million in 2018.. HISTORY Christianity is the name of the religion of the followers of Jesus of Nazareth, who believe him to be the Christ, or Messiah, sent from God for the salvation of his people. Divisions between one denomination and another are primarily defined by authority and doctrine. Find UK Christian churches. As such, the Catholic Church does not consider itself a denomination, but rather considers itself pre-denominational, the original Church of Christ though it was once part of the Imperial Roman Church. The Assyrian Church of the East and the Ancient Church of the East together had over 0.6 million members in 2018. The dominance of the Catholic Church in all aspects of life in Spanish Philippines and Protestant anti-Catholic animosity were prominent reasons for the start of Protestant missionary activity. Church of the East, Oriental Orthodox Churches, or Lutheranism).  New denominations and organizations formed through further divisions within Protestant churches since the Reformation began. According to the Pew Research Center, Pentecostals and Charismatics numbered some 280 million people in 2011.. National Baptist Convention of America, Inc. National Baptist Evangelical Life and Soul Saving Assembly of the U.S.A. National Missionary Baptist Convention of America.  Its members make up a significant portion of the 2 million Eastern Protestant tradition. It is the only Protestant denomination approved by the Chinese government. These united or uniting churches are the result of a merger between distinct denominational churches (e.g., Lutherans and Calvinists). As an example, this list contains groups also known as "rites" which many, such as the Roman Catholic Church, would say are not denominations as they are in full papal communion, and thus part of the Catholic Church. Protestant Church in the Netherlands (PKN) formed in 2004 from the union of the Dutch Reformed Church (NHK), the Reformed Churches in the Netherlands (GKN), and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Kingdom of the Netherlands (ELK); a notable Calvinist group within the PKN is the Reformed Association; In 2018, there were about 75-105 million Baptists. The scheme came to an end in 1886, but the office was continued by the Church of England, which in 1957 elevated its representative in Jerusalem to the rank of Archbishop. It has 233 member denominations in 110 countries, together claiming 100 million people, thus being the third largest Christian communion in the world after the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church. There is no official recognition in most parts of the world for religious bodies, and there is no official clearinghouse which could determine the status or respectability of religious bodies. Armenian Church. United and uniting churches who hold membership in the Anglican Communion, Other Anglican churches and Continuing Anglican movement, Early Sabbath-Keeping movements, predating Millerism, Adventist movement (Seventh Day Sabbath/Saturday observing), American Israelism and Latter Day Saint movement, Fundamentalist Rocky Mountain Latter Day Saints, List of Christian denominations by number of members, Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, History of Christianity during the Middle Ages, Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Italy and Malta, Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Great Britain, Vicariate for Palestine and Jordan in the USA, American Carpatho-Russian Orthodox Diocese, Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of North America, Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia, Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Mexico, Antiochian Orthodox Mission in the Philippines, Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), Estonian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), Philippine Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), Catholic particular churches and liturgical rites, Greek Catholic Church of Croatia and Serbia, Ruthenian Greek/Byzantine Catholic Church, List of the largest Protestant denominations, Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus, Association of Free Lutheran Congregations, Church of the Lutheran Brethren of America, Confessional Evangelical Lutheran Conference, Evangelical Lutheran Free Church (Germany), Lutheran Church of Central Africa Malawi Conference, Lutheran Church of Central Africa Zambia Conference, Evangelical Lutheran Diocese of North America, Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, American Association of Lutheran Churches, Evangelical Lutheran Church - Synod of France and Belgium, Latvian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Lutheran Congregations in Mission for Christ, Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Slovakia, Evangelical Lutheran Church in Madhya Pradesh, Evangelical Lutheran Church in Southern Africa, Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Himalayan States, Evangelical Lutheran Church of Papua New Guinea, Evangelical Lutheran Free Church of Norway, Gossner Evangelical Lutheran Church in Chotanagpur and Assam, Christian Reformed Church in North America, Christian Reformed Church in Sierra Leone, Christian Reformed Church in South Africa, Continued Reformed Churches in the Netherlands, Communion of Reformed Evangelical Churches, Dutch Reformed Church in South Africa - NG Church, Evangelical and Reformed Church in Honduras, Evangelical Reformed Church in Bavaria and Northwestern Germany, National Union of Independent Reformed Evangelical Churches of France, Protestant Reformed Christian Church in Croatia, Reformed Churches in the Netherlands (Liberated), United Reformed Churches in North America, Uniting Reformed Church in Southern Africa, List of Presbyterian denominations in North America, Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church of Mexico, Conservative Presbyterian Church in Brazil, Costa Rican Evangelical Presbyterian Church, Cumberland Presbyterian Church in America, Evangelical Covenant Order of Presbyterians, Evangelical Presbyterian Church (Australia), Evangelical Presbyterian Church in England and Wales, Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Malawi, Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Ukraine, Evangelical Presbyterian Church (United States), Free Presbyterian Church of North America, Fundamentalist Presbyterian Church in Brazil, National Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Guatemala, Presbyterian Church of Aotearoa New Zealand, Presbyterian Reformed Church (North America), Reformed Presbyterian Church General Assembly, Reformed Presbyterian Church – Hanover Presbytery, Reformed Presbyterian Church in the United States, Reformed Presbyterian Church of Australia, Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America, United Presbyterian Church of North America, Uniting Presbyterian Church in Southern Africa, Westminster Presbyterian Church in the United States, Westminster Presbyterian Church of Australia, Congregational Christian Church in American Samoa, Congregational Christian Churches in Canada, Conservative Congregational Christian Conference, Evangelical Congregational Church in Angola, Evangelical Fellowship of Congregational Churches, Fellowship of Independent Evangelical Churches, National Association of Congregational Christian Churches, Union of Evangelical Congregational Churches in Brazil, Union of Evangelical Congregational Churches in Bulgaria, United Church of Christ-Congregational in the Marshall Islands, United Congregational Church of Southern Africa, Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia, Church in the Province of the West Indies, Church of the Province of South East Asia, Church of the Province of the Indian Ocean, Episcopal Church in Jerusalem and the Middle East, Lusitanian Catholic Apostolic Evangelical Church, Province of the Anglican Church of Burundi, Province of the Anglican Church of Rwanda, Province of the Anglican Church of the Congo, Province of the Episcopal Church of South Sudan, Province of the Episcopal Church of Sudan, Communion of Evangelical Episcopal Churches, Alliance of Mennonite Evangelical Congregations, Canadian Conference of Mennonite Brethren Churches, Conference of the Mennonite Brethren Churches in India, US Conference of Mennonite Brethren Churches, Conservative Grace Brethren Churches, International, Old German Baptist Brethren, New Conference, Association of Baptist Churches in Ireland, Association of Reformed Baptist Churches of America, Baptist Evangelical Christian Union of Italy, Baptist Missionary Association of America, Conservative Baptist Association of America, Convention of Baptist Churches of Northern Circars, Council of Baptist Churches in Northeast India, Council of Baptist Churches in Northern India, Evangelical Baptist Mission of South Haiti, Fellowship of Evangelical Baptist Churches in Canada, Fundamental Baptist Fellowship of America, General Association of Regular Baptist Churches. Protestant Churches .  Declaring itself separate from the Imperial Roman Church in 424–427, liturgically, it adhered to the East Syriac Rite. There are from 60-80 million Christians identifying as Reformed or Calvinist according to statistics gathered in 2018. bishops), in most Protestant churches. According to that data, approximately 50 churches on the list have attendance ranging from 10,000 to 47,000. The total membership of the churches accounts for approximately 18 million members as of 2019[update]. This period of time, known as the Reformation, began a series of events resulting over the next 500 years in several newly denominated churches (listed below). Though it considers itself pre-denominational, being the original Church of Christ before 1054, some scholars suggest the Eastern Orthodox and Catholic churches began after the East-West Schism as the official State Church of the Roman Empire ceased to exist. Early Christianity is often divided into three different branches that differ in theology and traditions, which all appeared in the 1st century AD/CE. Most Latter Day Saint denominations are derived from the Church of Christ established by Joseph Smith in 1830. They are formed with a united mission to facilitate Christian church in Kenya. It is also called the Nestorian Church or the Church of Persia. These churches consider themselves Eastern or Oriental Orthodox but are not in communion with the main bodies of Eastern and Oriental Orthodoxy. The Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, and Oriental Orthodoxy, meaning the large … In 1901 the Evangelical Union was established in the Philippines to co-ordinate activities amongst the Protestant denominations and lay the foundations for an indigenous religious movement. Most member churches of the Oriental Orthodox Churches are part of the World Council of Churches.  Some of them have a disputed administrative status (i.e. The whole of Lutheranism had about 70-90 million members in 2018. Modern movements such as Christian fundamentalism, Pietism, Evangelicalism, the Holiness movement and Pentecostalism sometimes cross denominational lines, or in some cases create new denominations out of two or more continuing groups (as is the case for many united and uniting churches, for example; e.g.  Churches are listed here when their disparate heritage marks them as inappropriately listed in the particular categories above. It is an ongoing work-in-progress and needs to be updated as sizes of religious organisations change over time. Divisions between one denomination and another are primarily defined by authority and doctrine. Other denominations are defined by either a belief in Joseph Smith as a prophet or acceptance of the Book of Mormon as scripture. Although the use of the term "Protestant" to refer to Anglicans was once common, it is controversial today, with some rejecting the label and others accepting it.  A select few of these churches are recognized by certain individual provinces of the Anglican Communion. National bodies. Brings together a substantial Baptist population, although not the majority, as it is scattered in various independent Baptist denominations. Reliable and most recent statistics, preferrably provided by the organisations themselves, are of interest to this article. The Hartford Institute's database lists more than 1,300 such Protestant and Evangelical churches in the United States. their autonomy or autocephaly is not recognized universally). These are of international scope. Many of their families contributed to the development of intellectual elites in their countries.  Such subtleties and complexities are not clearly depicted here. P'ent'ay, simply known as Ethiopian-Eritrean Evangelicalism are a group of indigenous Protestant Eastern Christian Baptist, Lutheran, Pentecostal, and Mennonite denominations in full communion with each other and believe that Ethiopian and Eritrean Evangelicalism are the reformation of the current Orthodox Tewahedo churches as well as the restoration of it to original Ethiopian Christianity.  The majority of Anglicans consider themselves part of the one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church within the Anglican Communion. Together, the Assyrian, Ancient, Chaldean Syrian and Chaldean Catholic Church comprised over 1.6 million in 2018. List of Protestant churches: lt;p|>||||| ||A Christian denomination is an identifiable religious body under a common name, str... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Some Christian denominations have recently considered the body of Oriental Orthodoxy to be a part of the one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church, a view which is gaining increasing acceptance in the wake of ecumenical dialogues between groups such as Eastern Orthodoxy, Roman and Eastern Catholicism, and Protestant Christianity. Since about 1950, women have entered the ministry, and some have assumed leading positions (e.g.  It also refers to efforts toward visible unity in the Christian Church, though the terms of visible unity vary for each denomination of Christianity; the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church each teach visible unity may only be achieved by converting to their denominational beliefs and structure, citing claims of being the one true church. Calvinism, also known as the Reformed tradition or Reformed Protestantism is a movement which broke from the Catholic Church in the 16th century. Therefore, it should be taken with caution.  Theologically, it adopted the dyophysite doctrine of Nestorianism, which emphasizes the separateness of the divine and human natures of Jesus, and addresses Mary as Christotokos instead of Theotokos; the Church of the East also largely practiced aniconism. , The Holiness movement involves a set of beliefs and practices which emerged from 19th-century Methodism. These denominations operate worldwide and cannot be considered alongside other national bodies. National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U.S.A. Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, List of religions and spiritual traditions, "Eastern Christianity and Western Christianity", "History of the World Council of Churches", "The differences between the Catholic and Orthodox churches", "Presentazione dell'Annuario Pontificio 2018 e dell' "Annuarium Statisticum Ecclesiae" 2016", "Fragmentation of the primitive Christian movement", "The Patriarchs of the Church of the East from the Fifteenth to Eighteenth Centuries", "Holy Apostolic Catholic Assyrian Church of the East", "Orthodox Christianity in the 21st Century", "About the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America", "Status of Global Christianity, 2019, in the Context of 1900–2050", "Who Are Eastern Orthodox Christians and What Do They Believe?  Although a movement in Lutheranism, influence on Anglicanism, in particular John Wesley, led to the spawning of the Methodist movement. Today with most Protestants, Lutherans are divided among mainline and evangelical theological lines. Church information on over 45,000 UK Christian churches, with photo, map, description, contact details, and visitor information. In this comparison, the Pew Forum's figure of 800 million Protestants is used. Christian denominations since the 20th century have often involved themselves in ecumenism. Moreover, Protestant denominations altogether do not form a single structure comparable to the Catholic Church, or to a lesser extent the Eastern Orthodox Communion. It aims to include sizable Protestant communions, federations, alliances, councils, fellowships, and other denominational organisations in the world and provides information regarding the membership thereof. The English church can be traced back to 597. Eucharist or Lord's Supper. Some of these denominations consider themselves as part of True Orthodoxy or the Old Believers as examples, and have walled themselves off from other Christian denominational groups over issues of ecumenism. The numbers should therefore be considered approximate. It is considered to be the world's largest council of churches. Independent Catholic churches arguably began in 1724. Scripture: The be-all, end-all for Protestants is “the Word of God.” For Catholics, tradition is just as … Some followers after the failed prediction became the Adventists or Campbellites, while other splinter groups eventually became Apocalyptic Restorationists.  There are also other theories on the origin of Christianity..  The largest ecumenical organization in Christianity is the World Council of Churches..  Other minor, modern related splinter groups include the Ancient Church of the East (split 1968 due of rejecting some changes made by Patriarch Shimun XXI Eshai) and the Chaldean Syrian Church. The largest Pentecostal denomination in the world. Such considerations often vary from place to place, or culture to culture, where one denomination may enjoy majority status in one region, but be widely regarded as a "dangerous cult" in another part of the world.  The Church of the East by the 15th century was largely confined to the Eastern Aramaic-speaking Assyrian communities of northern Mesopotamia, in and around the rough triangle formed by Mosul and Lakes Van and Urmia—the same general region where the Church of the East had first emerged between the 1st and 3rd centuries. Parachurch organizations are Christian faith-based organizations that work outside and across denominations to engage in social welfare and evangelism. , Plymouth Brethren is a conservative, low church, non-conformist, evangelical Christian movement whose history can be traced to Dublin, Ireland, in the late 1820s, originating from Anglicanism. Among the most sizeable international bodies are the Anglican Communion, the World Communion of Reformed Churches, the World Methodist Council and the Lutheran World Federation – each with more than 70 million members. The Anabaptists trace their origins to the Radical Reformation. The World Evangelical Alliance is so far the only major transdenominational evangelical Protestantorganization that operates internationally. A Christian movement is a theological, political, or philosophical interpretation of Christianity that is not necessarily represented by a specific church, sect, or denomination. Lutheranism initially began as an attempt to reform the Catholic Church before the excommunication of its members. , Protestantism is a movement within Christianity which owes its name to the 1529 Protestation at Speyer, but originated in 1517 when Martin Luther began his dispute with the Roman Catholic Church.  The Catholic population exceeds 1.3 billion as of 2016[update]. The relation of New Thought to Christianity is not defined as exclusive; some of its adherents see themselves as solely practicing Christianity, while adherents of Religious Science say "yes and no" to the question of whether they consider themselves to be Christian in belief and practice, leaving it up to the individual to define oneself spiritually. These are denominations, movements, and organizations deriving from mainstream Protestantism but are not classifiable under historic or current Protestant movements nor as parachurch organizations. Amana Church Society. From mass evangelistic crusades to the development of the Alpha course, to explain and introduce Christianity to non-believers – Protestants continue to work in spreading the gospel around the world alongside Christians of other denominations. Eastern or Western Christianity and their sub-branches). The Church of the East split from the sanctioned State Church of Rome during the Sasanian Period. A Christian denomination is a distinct religious body within Christianity, identified by traits such as a name, organization and doctrine. Protestant bodies being considered in this article are divided into: In 2010, the most numerous international bodies accounted for more than a half of worldwide Protestant population,[note 1] while the most numerous national bodies accounted for more than 200 of the world's 800 million Protestants. Well known Restorationist groups related in some way to Millerism include the Jehovah's Witnesses, World Mission Society Church of God, the Restored Church of God, and the Kingdom of Jesus Christ. Explanations of different opinions concerning their status as Christian denominations can be found at their respective articles. Transdenominational bodies include people across all denominations that participate in a movement which goes way beyond their Protestant branch, like Evangelicalism, the Charismatic movement, or the Neo-charismatic movement. The term Evangelical appears with reformation and reblossoms in the 18th century and in the 19th century. This is a list of the largest megachurches in the United States with an attendance of more than 2,000 weekly. ", "Fellowship of Concerned Churchmen - Directory of Jurisdictions", "World Directory | Mennonite World Conference", "Holiness churches — World Council of Churches", "Spirit and Power - A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals", "When Did Evangelical Christianity Begin? , Baptists emerged as the English Puritans were influenced by the Anabaptists, and along with Methodism, grew in size and influence after they sailed to the New World (the remaining Puritans who traveled to the New World were Congregationalists).  The smallest of these groups may have only a few dozen adherents or an unspecified number of participants in independent churches as described below. Catholics, Orthodox, Lutherans, Anglicans or Baptists), while others are just a few small churches, and in most cases the relative size is not evident in this list except for the denominational group or movement as a whole (e.g. It represents 600 million Christians. These are of international scope.  There were approximately 2.1 million Anabaptists as of 2015. Learn more about Protestantism in this article. Index of Articles on Protestant Denominations.  The Eastern Catholic Churches and the Latin Church (which are united in the worldwide Catholic Church) share the same doctrine and sacraments, and thus the same faith. 4. Some Baptists also adopt presbyterian and episcopal forms of governance. A denomination labeled "Protestant" subscribes to the fundamental Protestant principles—though not always—that is scripture alone, justification by faith alone, and the universal priesthood of believers. Syncretic Orthodox churches blend with other denominations outside of Eastern Orthodoxy and are not in communion with the main body of Eastern nor Oriental Orthodoxies. , Assyrian Christianity comprises those Eastern churches who kept the traditional Nestorian christology and ecclesiology of the historical Church of the East after the original church reunited with the Catholic Church in Rome, forming the Chaldean Catholic Church in 1552. , The Catholic Church, or Roman Catholic Church, is composed of 24 autonomous sui iuris particular churches: the Latin Church and the 23 Eastern Catholic Churches. This is a list of the largest Protestant denominations. These churches resulted from a post–1800s reformation of Eastern Christianity, in line with Protestant beliefs and practices. The most accepted figure among various authors and scholars includes around 900 million to a little over 1 billion Protestant Christians.. Assyrian Christianity forms part of the Syriac Christian tradition. The World Evangelical Alliance is so far the only major transdenominational evangelical Protestant organization that operates internationally. This graph shows the largest churches among Evangelical and Conservative Protestant denominations in the United States in 2010, by number of adherents. African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church. On the other hand, the surviving Waldensians ended up joining Reformed Protestantism, so it is not completely inaccurate to refer to their movement as Protestant. They departed from the State Church of the Roman Empire after the Chalcedonian Council.  These churches reject the Council of Chalcedon in 451 and those after it. A group that fits the generally accepted definition of "Protestant" might not officially use the term. , Pentecostalism and Charismatic Christianity began in the 1900s. It is also considered as one of the fellowships of Protestant churches. Asian-initiated churches are those arising from Chinese and Japanese regions that were formed during repression in authoritarian eras as responses from government crackdowns of their old Christian denominations which were deemed illegal or unrecognized in their countries' state atheism or religion. , Anglicanism or Episcopalianism has referred to itself as the via media between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism. The relation of these movements to other Christian ideas can be remote. Russian Old Believers form a sub-type of Proto-True Orthodoxy that refused to accept the liturgical and ritual changes made by Patriarch Nikon of Moscow between 1652 and 1666. Catholics, Orthodox, Lutherans, Anglicans or Baptists), while others are just a few small churches, and in most cases the relative size is not evident in this list except for the denominational group or movement as a whole (e.g. Calvinism follows the theological traditions set down by John Calvin, John Knox and other Reformation-era theologians. For instance, similar rituals were practiced by some strands of Judaism to purify and integrate new members into the community. It represents 600 million Christians. The following is not a complete list, but aims to provide a comprehensible overview of the diversity among denominations of Christianity, ecumenical organizations, and Christian ideologies not necessarily represented by specific denominations. Protestant Denominations. I have selected two trends which I believe are at the forefront of Protestant thinking today. 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